Place and Non-Place
What is place? What is non-place? They are places/spaces that we conceive in different ways and have different feelings and cultural understandings towards.
We see place as personal spaces that have meaning and personal security, which can hold sentimental value and memories to a person. A person’s home is a main example of place, this is a place that a person may have grown up in and spent their lives in and created memories in. Doing this will create a extremely personal bond and importance to a person and is not shared by others, this creates a feeling of ownership.
In a place or territory, space is often defined as the distance between things, space is produced as an effect of the functions that orient it and temporalise it. Space is a practiced place, it’s what we do in this space that defines it and gives it meaning and importance. For example; the street outside of a place such as a person’s home would ordinarily not be seen as a place, until people walk on it and move through the area it can then be transformed into a place.
Bicycle lanes, the space doesn’t define the use, the people in it and the cultural behaviour does. In the above picture a bicycle lane is being used in a different way than it was designed for, the people have rearranged the purpose of its use to fit how they see it and what they want to use the space for.
Lords of Dogtown is a film based on this theory, it follows the skateboarding scene from the 70’s and the birth of “bowl skating”. Bowl skating was pioneered by surfers that when they couldn’t surf, they would skateboard, and needed to replicate the feeling of surfing waves, and found that draining the water from swimming pools and skating the walls of the pools did just that.
I really enjoyed this film, as a skateboarder myself, I really appreciate the realism and authenticity portrayed with the skateboarding culture. It is really well crafted with slick editing and an awesome soundtrack. The attention to detail and realism is notably present because of Stacey Peralta, the writer of the film as it is based on his life and the how his life and the skateboarding scene changed.
Humans may be highly sensitive towards spaces and places:
Agoraphobia: Fear of public/open spaces
Claustrophobia: Fear of confined/enclosed spaces
Domatophobia: Fear of houses, home
Ecophobia: Fear of home surroundings
Kenophobia: Fear of empty rooms
Koinoniphobia: Fear of rooms
Oikomania: Abnormal interest in being at home
Oikophilia: Sexual attraction towards one’s home Topophilia: Love of place, attachment to place
How personal and shared space differs to a person. How we perceive space and our response to space can differ based on proximity and culture. Personal space is a very important space that if breached by other people can be uncomfortable for a person. But in certain situations an invasion of one’s personal space is considered acceptable:
Music concerts: Forced invasion of personal space
Train: Forced invasion of personal space
In popular culture there are many symbolic examples of identifying place, these are used in photography and film to create a sense of security, safety and normal way of life. An example of this is the classic white picket fence, this mainly being related to the American way of life.
Another example is the Statue of Liberty, this is the typical symbol of the American dream, freedom and international friendship, using this in establishing sequences in films creates a sense of safety and happiness for the audience.
In film you can also turn it round on the audience to create terror and fear within a narrative, showing this symbol of safety under attack can create a whole new emotional response towards it.
Here are some examples
Escape from New York (1981)
The Day After Tomorrow (2004)
Independence Day (1996)
Deep Impact (1998)
The above clip from “Cloverfield” directed by Matt Reeves, shows the head of the Statue of Liberty being thrown down the streets of New York City by the mysterious monster. This creates the feeling of danger as the City’s landmark and guardian angel has been destroyed, creating the feeling that they’re is nobody or nothing that is watching over them or to save them, the feeling of leadership and security is lost and driving the narrative to a darker and more terrifying route which I really love. I watched this film in cinemas multiple times during it’s release in February 2008 and loved the way it used this technique to make the viewers feel like they’re right in the story with these people. This clip is also a direct homage to the 1981 film “Escape From New York” starring Kurt Russell, although the film itself does not include the decapitated Statue of Liberty, the poster for the film does. This film poster is one of the most iconic and recognisable film posters of the 1980’s.
The Wasteland (1922) TS Eliot
What are the roots that clutch, what branches grow
Out of this stony rubbish?
Son of man, You cannot say, or guess, for you know only
A heap of broken images, where the sun beats,
And the dead tree gives no shelter, the cricket no relief,
And the dry stone no sound of water.
Only There is shadow under this red rock,
(Come in under the shadow of this red rock),
And I will show you something different from either
Your shadow at morning striding behind you
Or your shadow in evening rising to meet you;
I will show you fear in a handful of dust.
The Terminal is a 2004 film by Steven Spielberg starring Tom Hanks as an eastern immigrant finding himself stranded in JFK airport, and must take up temporary residence there. A great example of Non-Place in film, the utilization of the airport being now used as a home for this man and turning it’s purpose completely around was a really interesting concept.
The below images are my examples of non-place:
Here is a photograph of the communal hallway to my flat. I thought this was a good example of non-place, although it is essentially a very important part of the house, it is only used to get into the flats, making it a impersonal room and is not used for any other reason.
Here is a photograph of the ally way at the back of the flat, the same as the last image it is part of the homes but used only impersonally for travelling through etc.
MISE EN SCENE
Mise En Scene is the arrangement of everything that appears in the framing – actors, lighting, décor, props, costume is called mise en scene, a French term that means “placing on stage.” The frame and camera work also constitute the mise en scene of a movie.
Even though many professionals are involved in its creation, the director is the one that oversees the entire mise en scene and all of its elements. Not just that, but during the early stages of pre-production, the director or his assistant director sits down with set designers, prop masters, location managers, costume designers, and scenic artists to determine the look and feel intended.
In some instances, the mise en scene is used to evoke lasting feelings throughout the movie and not just for selected scenes. In the German expressionist film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), distorted shapes and claustrophobic scenery is implemented to disturb the audience and enhance the horror.
Mike Nichols’ The Graduate (1967) has been praised by its amazing, exciting, and multi-layered visual design. For this reason, the following segments will shed light on many scenes from The Graduate but also from other pictures.
Intertextuality is the use of references, tributes, nods, homages within films to other well known media.
Quentin Tarantino movies usually have a lot of intertextuality. He is clearly influenced by old spaghetti westerns and kung fu movies. He doesn’t spoof them put rather reimagines them for the modern era.
Here are some examples:
“Pulp Fiction” 1994 – John Travolta’s memorable “Royal with cheese” line is used by Travolta again in the 2010 film “From Paris with Love”.
In this one we hear the classic Arnold Schwarzenegger “Get to the chopper” line from Predator (1980) in Alien vs Predator Requiem (2007). I personally hate this but it is a great example, despite the fact I cringe every time I hear it.
As well as direct film references from actors revisiting lines from their old films in their new ventures, there are also other types of productions that pay homage and use intertextuality.
A good example of this is the music video for the Slipknot song “Spit it Out”. The music video consists of cuts between a live performance of the song and a band parody of the 1980 horror film The Shining, with Joey Jordison as Danny Torrance; Shawn Crahan and Chris Fehn as the Grady twins; Corey Taylor as Jack Torrance; Mick Thomson as Lloyd the Bartender; Craig Jones as Dick Hallorann; James Root as Wendy Torrance; Paul Gray as Harry Derwent; and Sid Wilson as the corpse in the bathtub. The Shining sequences for the video were shot at the Villa Carlotta, in Hollywood, California, and were Art Directed by Chris Jordan and Robert Piser. This video was banned from MTV, because of the scene where James Root beats up Corey Taylor with a bat and was deemed inappropriate by MTV officials.
One of my favourite music videos that uses intertextuality is the video for “Bigger Than Us” by White Lies. The video is a homage to Steven Spielberg’s 1982 film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. The video recreates elements of E.T.’s apparent death whilst he is quarantined alongside Elliott. The character of E.T. is played by a large “Bigger than Us” candy bar which contains a young girl, Elliot is watched over by Gertie and Mary whilst what may be Greg and Steve wait outside. There are other intertextual references to the film featured in the video, the basketballs circling the band at 2:56, the bright red light within the bass drum at 3:08 and the images of the woods where the original film sees E.T. return home.
E.T. is one of my favourite films of all time so for obvious reasons I was attracted to the video, more so than others, and it is an amazing piece of film making. When dissecting the video and it’s plot, it sounds like a ridiculous concept; replacing E.T. with a giant chocolate bar. You would think this would be comical and a parody, but is the opposite of that. It is a very moving and powerful film, and with such a silly concept it is a strange thing to be feeling so emotionally moved by a film about a little girl trapped inside a giant chocolate bar, and very few films, especially music videos succeed in doing so.
J.J. Abrams is a director that intertextualises not only other films, but his own. In every J.J. Abrams film, he uses “Kelvin” in some sort of manner, this is in honor of his grandfather Harry Kelvin who he has said has influenced his work and success.
“Director J.J. Abrams’ maternal grandfather was named Henry Kelvin. He owned an electronics company and was very influential to Abrams as a boy. So in honor of him, Abrams has dropped the name “Kelvin” into every project he’s worked on. In “Mission: Impossible III,” a letter is addressed to “H. Kelvin,” and on the first episode of the new series “Fringe” a character worked on a project called “Kelvin Genetics.”
Here are some screenshots from a couple of J.J. Abrams films using “Kelvin”:
Star Trek Into Darkness (2012) “USS Kelvin Spacecraft”
Super 8 (2011) “Kelvin Gas Station”
PIXAR – “A113” is an inside joke present as an Easter egg in animated films created by alumni of CalArts, referring to the classroom number used by graphic design and character animation students at the school that was used by John Lasseter and Brad Bird among others. Brad Bird first used it for a license plate number in the “Family Dog” episode of Amazing Stories. It has since appeared in other Disney movies and every Pixar movie.
I really love little easter eggs like this within films, for me. it adds a whole new dimension and enjoyability to them, it genuinely gives the viewer that is aware of them a sense of excitement when they are spotted and I personally think it brings more fun to films. It also creates the impression that the films that use techniques like this are connected in some way and are in the same universe which creates a whole new meaning and story to films if you choose to explore it further.
Going back to Quentin Tarantino, he is another director that uses fictional brands and references them in his film endeavours. A notable example of this is his fictional Hawaiian Burger chain of restaurants “Big Kahuna Burger”.
My poster on “Intertextuality” is a pretty simple concept, but I think it works really well. I basically took one of the most iconic actors who has multiple successful blockbuster films under his belt, so immediately I chose Sylvester Stallone. I basically joined “Rambo and Rocky” into one, with the character Rambo standing in a boxing ring and named it “Rokbo”. This was very simple to do, I basically photoshopped the background of the Rambo First Blood Part II poster and changed it to a boxing ring, with the scribbled letters ‘O’ and ‘K’ over Rambo.
Modernism – Machines
20th Century – 1960s. Fordism- The idea of mass production, factories.
First world war – Russian revolution, high culture, mass culture.
Pursuing art instead of religion using experimentation.
Parody, pastiche, bricolage, intertextuality, appropriated, plundered, kitsch, banal.
Emerging from or replacing modernism.
Meta-narratives, consumption, post-fordism, media.
Surface, spectacle, globalisation, hybridity, post-colonialism.
Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change. Activism can take a wide range of forms from writing letters to newspapers or politicians, political campaigning,economic activism such as boycotts or preferentially patronizing businesses, rallies, street marches, strikes, sit-ins, and hunger strikes.
- Civil disobedience
- Community building
- Activism industry
- Conflict transformation
- Cooperative movement
- Voluntary simplicity
- Economic activism
- Guerrilla gardening (boycott of food- and drug industry)
- Veganism (boycott of animal usage)
- Vegetarianism (boycott of animal meat usage)
- Consumer activism
- Divestment (a.k.a. Disinvestment)
- Simple living
- Tax resistance
- Franchise activism
- Media activism
- Culture jamming
- Internet activism
- Peace activist and Peace movement
- Political campaigning
- Guerrilla communication
- Direct action
- Protest songs
- Theater for Social Change
- Strike action
- Youth activism
- Student activism
- Youth-led media
- Atheist activism
MY PERSONAL ACTIVISM CAUSE:
Personally, I do not involve myself in the world of politics, I never have so I don’t really know much about what’s what and who’s who. But if I was to bring something I feel personally and strongly about to people’s attention is the music industry today. I’m a huge fan of all music, people usually pin me as someone who only listens to rock and that I think everything else is crap, but the truth is I love all music, to me, music is music, if you like the sound of something then enjoy it and don’t think that if you’re a 16 year old guy you can’t listen to Frank Sinatra. I listen to everything from Foo Fighters to freaking Connie Francis!
What really gets to me though is what is being factory produced by unintelligent and untalented “artists” (and I use that word very loosely) and being broadcasted all over the radio and television and being classed as music. I know bands and real musicians that make absolutely incredible music and will never see the light of day because of what is being overly spoon-fed to everyone around the world. Auto-tuned, untalented, cash-grabbing morons that is taking the piss out of music and giving my generation a bad name, I thank god for the bands that are staying true to music and the importance of it.
My poster idea was to have a real musician like Dave Grohl in a police uniform guarding a cell inmate behind bars, the inmate being a money machine auto-tuned robot like Nicki Minaj or Chris Brown or someone equally as shit.
Political mash-up videos are hugely popularised on the internet, they usually consist of videos of political figures being cut and edited to a degree and making them say different things or make them look stupid basically.
CREATIVITY AND CHANGE:
Mrs Mortimer Collier and Family
John Collier (1850 – 1934)
Oil on canvas, 1879
This portrait depicts the artist’s aunt and his young cousins. Collier was a well renowned portrait painter of the period and various important figures both social and political sat for him, form Charles Darwin and Aldous Huxley to Lord Kitchener. His family however, proved to be equally worthy subjects and he painted over 30 portraits of them.
Here, his aunt takes centre stage in the role of mother and wife, yet she still has something of the muse about her, and she brings to mind the idealised beauty of Pre-Raphaelite paintings. Collier’s sister in law described this work as simply “Sophy, her hair and her children”.
MINE AND ROB’S POLITICALLY DRIVEN FILM IDEA
For this task I paired with Rob Smith in order to come up with a potential film idea that is driven by the future and totalitarianism.
TAGLINE: “We are the disease”
SYNOPSIS: In the near future, a city and its residents suffer from an outbreak of an unknown illness which the government have engineered in order to control the population and to start their history again with them in full control.
PROTAGONIST: Dwight “Big Willie” Smith (Played by Will Smith)
ANTAGONIST: Mr. House (Played by Kevin Spacey)
The title “Malady” is literally just another word for ‘disease’, me and Rob went through a thesaurus on the word ‘disease’ and it was the coolest looking word. Pretty simple.
A viral video is a video clip that achieves widespread distribution through online sharing. The term viral is usually associated with a negative meaning. However, when it comes to marketing, viral means distribution through sharing, and that is positive. Unlike tradition marketing, viral marketing is mostly free. People take an advertisement and distribute it amongst themselves. A viral video is a video which is spread through online sharing, such as blogs, forums, email, and sharing sites. To be “viral”, the video needs to be appealing to the audience, and it usually achieves this by being different, funny, and witty.
This was one of the first viral videos that really stuck with me and actually made me laugh, but it wasn’t necessarily the first viral video I had seen. I can’t find the original source of this video but it was originally posted by ebaumsworld.com in 2006, and had around three million views if I remember correctly. I really like it because it’s not a set-up gag, it just happened and the people in the background laughing hysterically is so contagious it is pretty much impossible not to laugh on the first viewing, I still laugh at it to this day.
I am going to do my activism presentation about popular music and the music industry today. Like I said earlier in my blog, I am a huge music fan, and I get really easily aggravated what is being played and showcased all over the world, tv, internet, radio as being “music”. Material is being churned out almost weekly by people using computers and that have no business being in the music industry, but they are and everybody buys into it and fuels their talentless “musical” ability.
Music is so important to me, music is like a time capsule, storing years and years of memories and personal connections within it, im talking about real music, made by real musicians. It’s about a group of people, getting together, playing instruments, and playing from the soul, and most music total doesn’t have that.
In the early years of music production, it was very easy to find real musical talent, the processes of making music was so limited that it took a lot of pure talent and emotion to capture the sound they wanted. As everything was done purely on analogue tape, being a very unforgiving format, every mistake and flaw would be heard and very difficult to fix. So it simply took real people, with real instruments and real passion.
My parents were a huge influence on my musical taste and appreciation as they introduced me to older music from the 1960’s to the 1980’s as I was growing up.
Nevertheless, there are bands and actual musicians out there today that are staying true to how music is supposed to be made. People like Jake Bugg for example, if you’re not familiar with him he is an 18 year old guy from Yorkshire who writes all his own music and is a really talented musician and songwriter, he recently has got into a twitter feud with One Direction over the issue with music not coming from the heart.
Jake Bugg: “…for somebody that writes music, it can be quite disheartening to see an act that don’t write their music to be doing so well in the charts…”
One Direction have recently been compared to and been called “the next Beatles” which is one of the most saddening things I have heard in a long time, it baffles me that people even think they’re even on the same playing fields in terms of passion and musical talent.
WHERE IT ALL CHANGED IN THE MUSIC WORLD
Pro Tools is a digital audio workstation for Microsoft Windows and OS X, developed and manufactured by Avid Technology. It is widely used by professionals throughout the audio industries for recording and editing in music production, film scoring, film and television post production, musical notation and MIDI sequencing. Pro Tools can run as standalone software, or operate using a range of external A/D converters and internal PCI or PCIe audio cards with onboard DSP.
The first incarnation of Pro Tools started life in 1984 as Sound Designer. This was seen as a huge step forward for the music business and made life a lot easier for musicians, enabling them to produce music with very little effort. But this was seen as quite a threat to, who I consider, real musicians, because the analog process, cutting and stitching tape manually and recording music on this medium, was slowly dying as pro tools became more and more popular during the 80’s and 90’s.
“…the good thing about the digital technology is that if somebody makes a mistake like the bass player hits a wrong note or something, you might be able to fix it, much easier than we used to… The not so great is, it has kind of enabled people that have no business being in a band or the music industry to become stars.” – Neil Young & Nick Raskulinecz on Pro Tools
Dave Grohl. Roswell Films. “Sound City” (2013) Blu Ray. Main Feature. 1 hour 3 minutes.
Dave Grohl, frontman of the “Foo Fighters” and former drummer of legendary grunge band “Nirvana”, is a huge supporter of music and respecting it as art and how important it is to history. He funded, directed and produced the Sound City documentary himself and produced an album entirely on analog tape from his own studio (Studio 606) to coincide with it.
DAVE GROHL ON TV TALENT SHOWS (X-FACTOR, AMERICAN IDOL)
“I think people should feel encouraged to be themselves, that’s what bums me out about those shows where people are judged so harshly by f–king musicians that hardly even play an instrument on their own f–king albums. It makes me really mad.”
“I swear to God, if my daughter walked up onstage and sang her heart out and some f–king billionaire looked at her and said, ‘No, I’m sorry you’re not any good,’ I’d fucking throttle that person, I swear to God. Who the f–k are you to say what’s good or bad?”
Grohl says the problem with these young singers trying to please judges means that “everyone sounds like f–king Christina Aguilera.”
Of course, Dave Grohl knows more than a thing or two about making real music. The last Foo Fighters album was recorded on analog tape in his garage, and he spoke to dozens of respected musicians while filming his recent “Sound City” documentary movie, where he picked up this piece of advice from an old friend:
“The next time someone says you’re not a good singer say: ‘F–k You’. I interviewed Neil Young and he said in his band someone said to him: ‘The band’s really great, but honestly you shouldn’t be the singer.’ If Neil Young had listened to that person then we wouldn’t have had any Neil Young.”
Now I don’t listen to any specific music of any kind. But I do know how to differentiate between art and the mass of trash that is constantly being produced, nicely packaged and forced into our ears.
To introduce the masses to real, honest music, I want to create a (fictional) two day music festival with the bands and artists performing are chosen by followers of a facebook and twitter page enabling users to suggest who they want to see.
Followers of these social website groups will be automatically admitted to attend the festival free of charge and maybe see the bands they have suggested.
Music festivals, from personal experience, are amazing events to be part of and a great way to discover new music. I decided to make it a free event to attract a wider audience, the acts playing decided entirely by followers of the facebook page I think is a great way of everyone introducing each other, including me, to new interesting music that may never be heard, and using the internet to market it seemed like the most effective technique for an event of this nature.
I will create posters advertising the event to put around the city, but it will mainly be advertised virally as that has proven to be a lot more affective as a marketing technique in this day and age, as pretty much everyone is online and signed up to these social sites.
The two day event is called “AMA Festival” (Awesome Music Appreciation Festival). As this event is entirely fictional, I asked six people (three males, three females) to each pick five bands that they would like to see play at the festival, this being out of sheer curiosity.
I will be aiming to hold the festival either on the Plymouth Hoe or other large areas like Freedom Fields which may be easier and less expensive to hold such an event.
Sam John’s Requests Rob Marshall’s Requests Rob Smith’s Requests
Jack White Lana Del Ray Ben Howard
Adam Ant Darwin Deez Alt-J
Depeche Mode Matt and Kim Lostprophets
Kid Cudi Band of Horses Mumford & Sons
Rodriguez Sleigh Bells John Butler Trio
Tash Magor’s Requests Amber Barwick’s Requests Amie Brown’s Requests
Paramore Foo Fighters Foo Fighters
Jake Bugg Biffy Clyro Ok Go
Coldplay Arctic Monkeys Mumford & Sons
Maroon 5 Stereophonics Red Hot Chili Peppers
Beyonce System of a Down Gorillaz
PRESENTATION SELF EVALUATION (23/04/2013)
I really enjoyed presenting my activism cause today, I felt I voiced what I was trying to get across without veering off to my own personal opinions on music too much.
This was a tricky topic to takle, because everyone has different opinions on music and it is all about opinion, and I tried hard not to slate bands and artists in the charts today and say that they’re not real musicians, that wasn’t what I was saying at all, I let my research to all of that for me and I used the opinions of Jake Bugg and so on. I just wanted people to be aware of how music has changed and not necessarily for the better in any way, and make them aware of real talent that is being ignored and not given a chance because all the media and music industry care about is image and not the music anymore.
I feel I did get this across clearly as there was an overwhelmingly active discussion towards the end and i had plenty of questions to answer. I had people both agreeing, and disagreeing with me on this topic which was what I was hoping for and I feel I held my own when answering both sides.
MY PRESENTATION SLIDES
“Music is a huge part of my life, it is very important to me, music is like a time capsule, storing years of memories and personal connections within it. Not only do I, and we, connect with the music itself, we also connect with the people who make it. Which is why these days it is very easy to get caught up in how it has unfortunately deteriorated over the years.”
“In the early years of music production, it was very easy to find real musical talent, the processes of making music was so limited that it took a lot of pure talent and emotion to capture a sound they wanted, as everything was done purely on analogue tape, every mistake and flaw would be heard and very difficult to fix. It took real people, together, with real instruments and real passion.”
“My parents were a huge influence on my musical taste and appreciation as they introduced me to older music from the 1960’s to the 1980’s as I was growing up.”
“The first incarnation of Pro Tools started life in 1984 as Sound Designer. This was seen as a huge step forward for the music business and made life a lot easier for musicians, enabling them to produce music with very little effort. But this was seen as quite a threat to, who I consider, real musicians, because the analog process, cutting and stitching tape manually and recording music on this medium, was slowly dying as pro tools became more and more popular during the 80’s and 90’s.”
“Although the digital technology made it easier for musicians, it also made it incredibly easy for, non-musicians to make “music” digitally from their own homes.”
“Suddenly, you didn’t even have to be able to play an instrument or be a musician to make music.”
“Sound City, directed by Dave Grohl, is a great documentary about the famous Seattle recording studio and talks about the processes of making music and how it has totally changed and the impact it’s had on music history.”
“And television shows like X Factor and Britain’s Got Talent fuel the decline in honest music making.”
“Jake Bugg, a talented 19 year old singer-songwriter from Nottingham stood up for real musicians after he attended the 2013 Brit Awards with One Direction winning the global success award and being referred to as “the next Beatles”, fighting back saying; “They’re not even a band”… “They’re there to look good”… “They don’t have a clue about music”.
“It’s hard not to sound ignorant or be biased when it comes to a subject like this. Now I don’t listen to any specific music of any kind. I happen to listen to everything from…”
“And I am not an expert in the music industry, but I do know how to differentiate between art and the factory produced, auto-tuned trash that is constantly being dressed up and forced into our ears.
And unfortunately this is really the only music that gets heard these days and gets worldwide recognition. There are true musicians out there working their butts off writing and making great music, and they’ll probably never see the light of day because of how much power the charts, radio, television and internet have on the industry.”
“I am organizing an admission free, two day music festival in which the bands and musicians that play there are decided by you.”
“Liking the facebook page is the only thing that gets you a free ticket to the event, once you have liked the page, you can then tell us what bands you’d like to see play there and with enough votes we will decide on what acts will make the line-up.”
“I decided to create this music festival because, from experience, music festivals are amazing events to be part of and a great way to discover new music. I decided to make it a free event to attract a wider audience, the acts playing decided entirely by followers of the facebook page I think is a great way of everyone introducing each other, including me, to new interesting music that may never be heard, and using the internet to market it seemed like the most effective technique for an event of this nature.”
- http://the-odi.blogspot.co.uk/2008/10/abrams-explains-use-of-kelvin-in-his.html (10/12/2012)
- http://www.ultimate-guitar.com/news/wtf/dave_grohl_tv_talent_shows_make_everyone_sound_like_christina_aguilera.html (21/04/2013)
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